What is an orthopaedic surgeon?
An orthopaedic surgeon treats conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is made up of the skeleton, muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage, joints and other connective tissue. Orthopaedic surgeons work to diagnose, treat, prevent and rehabilitate musculoskeletal injuries, diseases and disorders.
What do orthopaedic surgeons treat?
Orthopaedic surgeons treat a wide variety of conditions and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which is why many of them specialise in certain areas. These conditions and diseases include…
- Dislocations and fractures
- Sprains, strains, torn ligaments, torn cartilage, tendon injuries and bursitis
- Sports or work related injuries
- Back pain, ruptured disks, scoliosis and sciatica
- Abnormality of the fingers and toes, and growth abnormalities
- Bow legs, unequal leg length, club foot, knock knees, bunions and hammer toes
- Bone tumours, muscular dystrophy, and cerebral palsy
What are the common surgeries performed by an orthopaedic surgeon?
An orthopaedic surgeon may perform a particular type of surgery more commonly depending on their specialty. However, the most common surgeries performed by most orthopaedic surgeons include…
- Joint replacement (partial, total and revision)– When an artificial joint called a prosthetic is used to replace an arthritic or damaged joint.
- Fusion– A procedure that fuses bones together with bone grafts and internal devices, like metal rods, together to heal into a single solid bone.
- Internal Fixation– A method that involves holding broken pieces of bone in the proper position with implants, like screws, pins, or metal plates, while the bone is healing.
- Osteotomy– A procedure where by bone deformity is corrected by cutting and repositioning the bone.
- Soft Tissue Repair– The mending of soft tissue such as torn ligaments or tendons.
- Arthroscopy– A procedure where by special cameras and equipment are used to assist in visualising, diagnosing, and treating problems inside a joint.
Who does an orthopaedic surgeon treat?
Orthopaedic surgeons treat people of all ages from newborn babies to the elderly. However, some orthopaedic surgeons specialise in particular areas, which make them tailored to certain demographics. For example, an orthopaedic surgeon specialising in sports injury would be more tailored to athletes. Whereas an orthopaedic surgeon specialising in cerebral palsy would be more suited for people born with disabilities.
Although orthopaedic surgeons cover a wide range of different conditions and injuries, orthopaedic surgeons that are specialised will have a greater insight into particular areas than others. This is why it is important that patients are directed to specialists in their area of need.
If you’re currently experiencing knee pain, contact Tony Menz Orthopaedics today to book a consultation.